Національний університет «Львівська політехніка» кафедра Архітектури та реставрації

The article covers the Architectural heritage of Andrea Palladio – as education material for Jakub Kubicki reviews artistic heritage of Andrea Palladio and analyzes its influence on the works of Jakub Kubicki.

It is known that comprehensive and manysided heritage of Andrea Palladio was education material for many architects, and in the XVII century it became the basis for similarly-named architectural trend – Palladianism. Andrea Palladio (1508-1580) – is a famous architect of the Renaissance era, the author of many architectural tractates that describe the principles and stages of private estates and residences formation in detail. His works were based on symmetry, perspective and objects of value of classical place of worship of Ancient Greece and Rome. 

In general, Andrea Palladio, having studied traditions of folk architecture as well as likes of nobility, created model types of estates and at the same time showed almost unlimited amount of possible variations, became a founder of “architectural fashion” of Classicism era. That promoted the spread and establishment of the Palladian school where the architecture of Antique period (of Ancient Rome and, later, of Ancient Greece) was interpreted to the demands of the era, and Palladian types of country estates and city palace were used during two more centuries.

Creative method or style of every architect of a certain period shapes a style of the era. In the works of architects there are reflected important issues and problems of theory and practice of architectural life of the time. J. Kubicki is also among the architects whose works attract attention with a high level of excellence. He became a mediator between the pure classicism and Empire style of the XVIII century. Although the architect was the representative of mature Classicism with the influence of Palladian school, his works have their own fingerprint and are characterized by such typical elements in the projects as sharp axial plan and symmetry of facades of palaces; simple rectangular forms in plan of a palace that were be supplemented by prominent risalits; main entrance was accentuated by portico with colonnade; the use of classical order elements that were decorated with sculptures and military emblems in façade decoration. Interior arrangement in the palaces was symmetrical, two-path, with gorgeous living-room and entrance hall that contained stairs. Interiors were profusely decorated with moulding and highlighted with colors (hence the name blue living room, gold or red room).


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