This work reveals a method of complex thermal and chemical activation of natural clinoptilolite from Sokyrnytsky deposit. The chemical activation of a mineral was carried out by HCl solutions treatment at various ratios of liquid-to-solid phases. With the use of thermal and infrared (IR) spectroscopic analyses, the adsorption property of a natural and activated clinoptilolite has been examined for water vapor. The ability of complexly activated clinoptilolite to adsorb direct dyes from their aqua solutions has been investigated.
The purpose of this work was to study the process of adsorption of phosphate on natural and synthesized sorbents, such as aluminosilicates. The sorption properties of natural zeolite for phosphate under static and dynamic conditions were investigated. The zeolite on the basis of the coal fly ash of Dobrotvorskaya heat power plant was synthesized and modified. The equilibrium values of adsorption capacity were determined, and the corresponding isotherms were constructed at a temperature of 20° C. The kinetics of adsorption under mechanical mixing conditions was investigated.
The hydrogen adsorption and desorption isotherms of multiwalled carbon nanotube sample (MWCNT), an iron loaded multiwalled carbon nanotube (Fe_MWCNT), two zeolites (Na_Y_Zeo and NH4_Y_Zeo) and MCM-41 were measured at 77 K and atmospheric pressure by using the volumetric adsorption apparatus. The adsorption data were evaluated by several isotherm equations such as Langmuir, Freundlich, Temkin and Harkins-Jura isotherm models but were best described by the Freundlich isotherm model as it gave the highest correlation.
The statics and kinetics of albumin adsorption on natural zeolite of clinoptilolite structure have been investigated. The basic characteristics of zeolite have been determined. The method of albumin in a solution analysis was given. An isotherm of albumin adsorption was plotted and the Langmuir equation describing this isotherm was given. The presence of an external and pore diffusion adsorption mechanism has been experimentally established during the study of kinetics in a machine with mechanical stirring.
Zeolites were added to polyethersulphone (PES) membranes in order to enhance their capability of attracting creatinine. Zeolite was blended with PES by varying its doping concentration and time, and the mechanical properties of the resulting hollow fibre membranes produced under optimal concentration were characterised. The values of tensile stress, tensile strain and Young’s modulus, as well as the flux and rejection of the membranes were determined.
The adsorption of ammonium ions by natural zeolite and Al2O3 under static conditions has been investigated. The reason for changing the investigated solution pH during adsorption of ammonium ions on Al2O3 has been grounded. A phase diagram of the twocomponent system has been constructed and the composition of the adsorption system in the state of equilibrium has been determined. The thermodynamic calculations of the adsorption system Al2O3–NH4Cl–H2O have been carried out.
It was established that natural and Ca modified zeolite inhibit steel corrosion in the medium of low acid rain. The Ca-containing zeolite inhibit the steel corrosion in the most effective way. The protective effectiveness of the alkyd coatings filled with zeolites can be placed in the following order: unmodified < with natural zeolite < with Ca-containing zeolite. Встановлено, що природний та модифікований кальцієм цеоліти інгібують корозію сталі в середовищі слабкокислих дощових опадів. Найефективніше інгібує корозію сталі Ca-вмісний цеоліт.
The features of adipic acid esterification with 1-butanol in the presence of aluminosilicates activated with sulfuric acid as a catalyst have been studied. The optimal process conditions have been determined. The influence of a heterogeneous catalyst nature on the esterification proceeding has been defined. Досліджено закономірності естерифікації адипінової кислоти 1-бутанолом у при- сутності активованих сульфатною кислотою алюмосилікатів як каталізаторів. Визначено оптимальні умови процесу. Встановлено вплив природи гетерогенного каталізатора на перебіг естерифікації.
Adsorption of surfactants on varios types of adsorbent was experimentally investigated. Generalization of the obtained results of research and calculation data was carried out. Експериментально досліджено адсорбцію ПАР на різних типах сорбентів. Проведено узагальнення отриманих результатів досліджень та розрахункових даних.
The pollution of wastewater of dairies products was monitored. The composition of the wastewater and its impact on the environment took place. The technological scheme of sewage treatment dairies was proposed.
Проведено моніторинг забруднення стічних вод продуктами молокопереробних підприємств. Встановлено склад відходів та їх вплив на навколишнє середовище. Запропоновано технологічну схему очищення стічних вод молокопереробних підприємств.