полівінілпіролідон

SYNTHESIS OF POLYVINYLPYROLIDONE COPOLYMERS IN THE PRESENCE OF TWO-COMPONENT INITIATION SYSTEMS

The paper presents the results of the study of copolymerization of 2-hydroxyethylmethacrylate (HEMA) with polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) under the action of two-component initiation systems of iron (II) sulfate/radical type initiator. The influence of the nature of the radical initiator (In) in the FeSO4/In system on the behavior of the polymerization of HEMA/PVP compositions, structural parameters of the polymer matrix network and properties of hydrogels based on pHEMA-gr-PVP copolymers were established.

TECHNOLOGICAL FEATURES OF OBTAINING AND PROPERTIES OF GRAFTED POLYVINYLPYRROLIDONE COPOLYMERS

The impact of the vinyl monomers nature, concentration, and temperature on the kinetics of dispersion polymerization in the presence of polyvinylpyrrolidone was studied. The optimal technological parameters of the copolymer synthesis process are determined. It is defined that the properties of dispersion polymerization depend on the process conditions.

PECULIARITIES OF OBTAINING AND PROPERTIES OF COMBINED HYDROGEL MEMBRANES BASED ON POLYCOPROAMIDE AND POLYVINYLPYRROLIDONE COPOLYMERS

The research results of surface adsorption magnitude and tensile strength of combined polyamide-hydrogel membranes, depending on the content of the hydrogel lining membrane are presented in the article. It was found that the molecular weight variation of PVP, both in the structure of copolymer and in modifying blend, as well as the time of staying hydrogel film in the modifying solution allow to regulate the properties of combined membranes directly, in particular, its strength and permeability.

A NEW OBTAINING METHOD OF TUBULAR PRODUCTS BASED ON POLYMER GELS

The method for obtaining composite hydrogel tubular products with the increased strength on the basis of copolymers of 2-hydroxyethylmethacrylate with polyvinylpyrrolidone has been developed. The method consists in the formation of hydrogel tubes with a subsequent precipitation from the solution into their outer surface of the reinforced layer based on polyamide, modified with polyvinylpyrrolidone.

RESEARCH OF NANOCOMPOSITE BASED ON POLYVINYL ALCOHOL BY DIFFERENTIAL SCANNING CALORIMETRY

The methods of obtaining structured and water-soluble nanocomposite films based on polyvinyl alcohol and intercalated montmorillonite are presented in the paper. The structure and thermophysical characteristics of the obtained films were investigated by differential scanning calorimetry. It was found that the modification of polyvinyl alcohol by intercalated montmorillonite reduces the degree of crystallinity of the obtained nanocomposites but significantly increases their heat resistance.

Obtaining of nanocomposites based on montmorillonite and polyamide in solution

The method of obtaining nanocomposites based on polyamide-6 and montmorillonite intercalated by polyvinylpyrrolidone by precipitation from a solution in formic acid was developed in the work. The structure and physical interaction between the components of nanocomposites were studied by the methods of XRD, IR spectroscopic, and microscopic analyzes. The presence of polyvinylpyrrolidone in the structure of nanocomposites obtained from the solution was confirmed by IR spectroscopic analysis.

The properties of hydrogel membranes obtained by modification in the volyme

The method of the composite hydrogel membranes synthesis based on the 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA) and polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) with simultaneous modification in the volume by the mixture of polyamide-6 (PA-6) and PVP solution with varying the concentration of the reaction mixture in the water has been described in this study. The influence of the water content in the reaction composition on the physical mechanical properties and water absorption of the obtained membranes has been investigated. o

Influence of Polymer-Silicate Nucleator on the Structure and Properties of Polyamide 6

Physico-chemical properties of developed nickel-containing modified silicate materials as the nucleators for composites based on polyamide 6 are presented. As it was established, additive of the nucleator modified by polyvinylpyrrolidone promotes the increase of crystallinity degree of polyamide 6 and the decrease of crystallite size. It was found that changes in the structure of the material cause the increase of its tensile strength, surface hardness and Vicat softening point.

Formation Features of Tubular Products on the Basis of Composite Hydrogels

The method for obtaining composite hydrogel tubular products with the increased strength on the basis of copolymers of 2-hydroxyethylmethacrylate with polyvinylpyrrolidone has been developed. The method consists in the formation of hydrogel tubes with a subsequent precipitation from the solution into their outer surface of the reinforced layer based on polyamide, modified with polyvinylpyrrolidone.

The Plasma-Induced Formation of PVP-Coated Silver Nanoparticles and Usage in Water Purification

The contact non-equilibrium low-temperature plasma technique is used to synthesize silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) employing polyvinyl pyrrolidone (PVP) as a capping agent. Influences of PVP concentration on the formation efficiency of silver nanoparticle, their average size and stability have been studied. The synthesized silver nanoparticles had a significant antibacterial activity against two strains of Gram bacteria. Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs)-alginate composite beads with different PVP concentration were synthesized as materials for water purification.