A. S. Makarenko became a part of history of the world pedagogy as one of the prominent theorists and a practical innovator. Study and publication of his works in 29 languages of the peoples of the USSR prove the fact that A. Makarenko became a world-class educator. His works were published in 24 languages abroad. The formation of A. Makarenko’s philosophical and pedagogical worldview was greatly influenced by the works of prominent foreign teachers Ya. Komensky, I. Pestalozzi, K. Ushinsky, J. J. Russo, J. Locke, I. Disterverg etc. A. Makarenko was well acquainted with the spiritual heritage of the great Ukrainians H. Skovoroda, T. Shevchenko, I. Franko, L. Ukrainka, S. Rusova, etc., which certainly influenced both his formation as personality and creative activity. A. S. Makarenko’s pedagogical and organizational-educational activity was connected with the important social problem, children’s homelessness and negligence that existed in the former USSR 65 Makarenko takes an active part in solving this social problem, having not only special pedagogical education but also practical activity behind him. The idea that collective plays a decisive role in the formation of high moral, patriotic and social qualities of a person comes through all creative activity of A. S. Makarenko. Analyzing dialectics of collective – personality relationship, this outstanding teacher arrived at conclusion that a normal team forms a person with the best intellectual-mental and moral-ethical and cultural qualities, and, vice versa, this person strengthens the team, promotes its development and fulfillment of the tasks entrusted on him. Working with the collective, A. Makarenko never forgot an individual. He carefully studied the individual characteristics of his pupils, successfully used these features in educational work. Makarenko said that the boys who were excluded from all schools and were considered difficult and not subject to re-education, became good, very disciplined and responsible after they got in a good, organized and healthy team, and vice versa, the best boys chose the path of breaching discipline and even crime in the conditions of a poorly organized collective. Theoretical and pedagogical ideas of A. Makarenko are extremely relevant in the context of the training of future law enforcement officers at the educational institutions of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine. In order to successfully implement the education, the academic teaching staff and command staff should be well aware of psychology of personality, the internal motives that influence his or her behavior. Education aims at influencing the intellectual, emotional and volitional spheres of an individual. It should be borne in mind that an essential factor in this aspect is the moral-psychological and ethical atmosphere prevailing not only in student detachments, but also in academic staff. Theoretical ideas and practical activity of A. S. Makarenko have not lost their relevance and value in our time. It is especially relevant for the organization of the educational process in higher educational institutions of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine with respect to the training of highly skilled personnel and specialists who are capable and ready to enter an uncompromising struggle with crime, protecting the rule of law, freedom, merit, honor and dignity of Ukrainian citizens.
1. Khelemendikh V. S. (1990). Perestraivat’ cheloveka [Rebuildman]. Moscow [in Rus.] 2. Buchkivska V. V. (2007). Pedahohichna spadshchyna A. S. Makarenka v konteksti osobystisno oriyentovanoho pidkhodu u vykhovanni [Pedagogical heritage of A. S. Makarenko in the context of a personally oriented approach in education]. Khmelnitsky [in Ukr.]. 3. Makarenko A. S. (1954). Dodatky [Supplements]. Tvory [Compositions]. Kyiv. [in Ukr.]. 4. Muzyka O. L. (2008). Pedahohichna spadshchyna A. S. Makarenka i suchasni pidkhody do rozvytku zdibnostey [Pedagogical heritage A. S. Makarenko and modern approaches to the development of abilities]. Pedagogy and psychology. no. 3–4, pp. 15–21 [in Ukr.]. 5. Karpenchuk S. G. (2005) Teoriya i metodyka vykhovannya [Theory and methodology of education]. Kyiv [in Ukr.]. 6. Zinchenko A. G. (2002). Dytyacha bezprytulnist v Radyanskiy Ukrayini v 20-kh – pershiy polovyni 30-kh rokiv XX stolittya [Children homelessness in Soviet Ukraine in the 20’s – the first half of the 30-ies of the XX century]. Odessa [in Ukr.]. 7. Makarenko A. S. (1957). O povesti “Flagi na bashnyakh” [About the story “Flags on the Towers”]. Writings in 7 vol. Moscow, vol. 3 p. 496. [in Rus.]. 8. Makarenko A. S. (1964). Nekotoryye vyvody iz moyego pedagogicheskogo opyta [Some conclusions from my teaching experience]. Moscow [in Rus.]. 9. (1958). Perepiska A. S. Makarenka s A. M. Gor’kim [Correspondence of A. S. Makarenka with A. M. Gorky]. Writings in 7 vol. Moscow, vol. 7, pp. 314–317. [in Rus.]. 10. Makarenko A. S. (1956). Iz istorii kommuny imeni F. E. Dzerzhinskogo [From the history of the F. Dzerzhinsky commune].Writings in 7 vol. Moscow. vol. 2, pp. 395–416. [in Rus.]. 11. Makarenko A. S. (1964). Iz opyta raboty [In work experience]. Moscow [in Rus.]. 12. Shaposhnikov V. (1959). Putevka v zhizn’ [A ticket to life]. Udivitel’nyy chelovechishche [Amazing humane]. Vospominaniya ob A. S. Makarenko [Memories of A. S. Makarenko]. Kharkiv [in Rus.]. 13. Makarenko A. S. (1957). Kharakteristiki vypusknikov [Characteristics of graduates]. Writings in 7 vol. Moscow, vol. 2. pp. 436–352 [in Rus.]. 14. Gor’kiy M. (1952). Rasskazy, ocherki, vospominaniya [Stories, essays, memories]. Collected writings in 30 vol. Moscow, vol. 17, p. 496 [in Rus.]. 15. Romanovs’kiy A. K., Golubko A. T. (1989) Serdtse Makarenko. S lyubov’yu i trevogoy [Makarenko’s Heart. With love and anxiety]. Kyiv [in Rus.]. 16. Makarenko A. S. (1958). Metodi vikhovannya [Methods of education]. Writings in 7 vol. Moscow. vol. 5. pp. 20–45 [in Ukr.]. 17. Makarenko A. S. (1957). Otkrytoye pis’mo F. Levinu [Open letter to F. Levin]. Writings in 7 73 vol. Moscow. vol. 3, pp. 418–454 [in Rus.]. 18. Kudoyar A. M. (2005). Psykholohichni pohlyady A. S. Makarenka. Osobystist. Diyalnist. Sotsialni obyednannya. Kolektyv [Psychological views of A. S. Makarenko. Personality. Activity. Social associations. Collective]. Sumy. [in Ukr.]. 19. Stepanov P. M. (1957). Filosofskiye osnovy pedagogicheskikh vzglyadov A. S. Makarenko [The philosophical foundations of the pedagogical views of A. S. Makarenko]. Shakhty. [in Rus.]. 20. Ortynskyy V. L., Ryashko V. I. (2006). Aktualni problem vykhovannya kursantiv u vyshchykh navchalnykh zakladakh systemy MVS Ukrayiny [Actual problems of cadets education in higher educational institutions of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine]. Lviv. [in Ukr.]. 21. Vasyanovych H. P. (2009). Filosofiya [Philosophy]. Lviv [in Ukr.]. 22. Sukhomlynskyy V. O. (1976). Pryntsypy vykhovannya shkilnoho kolektyvu [Principles of education of a school team]. Kyiv. [in Ukr.]. 23. Makarenko A. S. (1958). Obshchiye voprosy teorii pedagogiki [General questions of the theory of pedagogy]. Writings in 7 vol. Moscow, vol. 5, p. 558 [in Rus.]