Problem of education of collective and personality in A. S. Makarenko’s works, and their role in educational process of MIA of Ukraine (to 90th anniversary of his death)

: 63-73

Koval I., Koval M. "Problem of education of collective and personality
in A. S. Makarenko’s works, and their role in educational process of MIA of Ukraine
(to 90th anniversary of his death)"

Lviv Polytechnic National University, Institute of Jurisprudence and Psychology
Lviv Polytechnic National University, Institute of Jurisprudence and Psychology

A. S. Makarenko became a part of history of the world pedagogy as one of the prominent theorists and a practical innovator. Study and publication of his works in 29 languages of the peoples of the USSR prove the fact that A. Makarenko became a world-class educator. His works were published in 24 languages abroad. The formation of A. Makarenko’s philosophical and pedagogical worldview was greatly influenced by the works of prominent foreign teachers Ya. Komensky, I. Pestalozzi, K. Ushinsky, J. J. Russo, J. Locke, I. Disterverg etc. A. Makarenko was well acquainted with the spiritual heritage of the great Ukrainians H. Skovoroda, T. Shevchenko, I. Franko, L. Ukrainka, S. Rusova, etc., which certainly influenced both his formation as personality and creative activity. A. S. Makarenko’s pedagogical and organizational-educational activity was connected with the important social problem, children’s homelessness and negligence that existed in the former USSR 65 Makarenko takes an active part in solving this social problem, having not only special pedagogical education but also practical activity behind him. The idea that collective plays a decisive role in the formation of high moral, patriotic and social qualities of a person comes through all creative activity of A. S. Makarenko. Analyzing dialectics of collective – personality relationship, this outstanding teacher arrived at conclusion that a normal team forms a person with the best intellectual-mental and moral-ethical and cultural qualities, and, vice versa, this person strengthens the team, promotes its development and fulfillment of the tasks entrusted on him. Working with the collective, A. Makarenko never forgot an individual. He carefully studied the individual characteristics of his pupils, successfully used these features in educational work. Makarenko said that the boys who were excluded from all schools and were considered difficult and not subject to re-education, became good, very disciplined and responsible after they got in a good, organized and healthy team, and vice versa, the best boys chose the path of breaching discipline and even crime in the conditions of a poorly organized collective. Theoretical and pedagogical ideas of A. Makarenko are extremely relevant in the context of the training of future law enforcement officers at the educational institutions of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine. In order to successfully implement the education, the academic teaching staff and command staff should be well aware of psychology of personality, the internal motives that influence his or her behavior. Education aims at influencing the intellectual, emotional and volitional spheres of an individual. It should be borne in mind that an essential factor in this aspect is the moral-psychological and ethical atmosphere prevailing not only in student detachments, but also in academic staff. Theoretical ideas and practical activity of A. S. Makarenko have not lost their relevance and value in our time. It is especially relevant for the organization of the educational process in higher educational institutions of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine with respect to the training of highly skilled personnel and specialists who are capable and ready to enter an uncompromising struggle with crime, protecting the rule of law, freedom, merit, honor and dignity of Ukrainian citizens.

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