kinetics

Bio-Sorbent Derived from Annona Squamosa for the Removal of Methyl Red Dye in Polluted Waters: A Study on Adsorption Potential

Sorbent got from leaves and barks of Annona squamosa has been investigated for its sorption capacity towards Methyl Red (MR) utilizing artificially arranged recreated squander waters. Different components influencing adsorption, viz., initial color concentration, contact time, adsorbent dosage, along with the impact of temperature were assessed. The equilibrium of adsorption was demonstrated by Freundlich; Langmuir, Temkin, and Dubinin-Radushkevich isotherms.

STUDY OF KINETICS AND ENERGY SAVING METHOD IN THE PROCESS OF DRYING CANDIED FRUITS FROM PEARS

The kinetics of the process of drying hot (80°C) and cold (20°C) candied pears were studied. The drying coefficient is found and an analytical dependence is derived for the drying time calculation. Experimental data of the change in the temperature of the thermal agent along with the height of the candied fruit layer was obtained.

Superhigh Adsorption of Cadmium(II) Ions onto Surface Modified Nano Zerovalent Iron Composite (CNS-nZVI): Characterization, Adsorption Kinetics and Isotherm Studies

The efficiency of surface modified nanoscale zerovalent iron (nZVI) composite by cashew nut shell (CNS) was tested for the removal of cadmium ions from the aqueous solutions. 2 g/l CNS-nZVI was efficient for 98% removal. The adsorption capacity was 35.58 mg/g. The Freundlich isotherm (R2 = 0.9769) and the pseudo-second order adsorption kinetics data fitted well. This proved CNS-nZVI has a high removal efficiency for Cd(II) from aqueous solutions.

Kinetic Model for Dissolution of Cement Copper in Sulfuric Acid Solutions Containing Cupric Ions

In this paper, the dissolution kinetics of cement copper powder in sulfuric acid solutions containing cupric ions was examined. It was observed that the dissolution rate of copper increased with increasing the acid concentration, temperature, and stirring speed. It was determined that the dissolution rate of copper enhanced with increasing the cupric ion concentration up to 0.025 M. It was found that the temperature and concentration of cupric ion had more considerable effects on the dissolution of copper powder.

SIMULATION OF ION EXCHANGE INTERACTION KINETICS IN THE CLINOPTYLOLITE - AMMONIUM ION SYSTEM

The kinetics of adsorption of ammonium ions under dynamic conditions has been studied. A mathematical model of the process was built. The mass transfer coefficient was calculated depending on the intensity of the change of location. It was established that ion exchange occurs in external and internal diffusion regions. The rate constants of ion exchange for the region of external and internal diffusion were calculated.

Kinetic Regularities and Mathematical Modelling of Potassium Chloride Dissolution

The dissolution process of potassium chloride particles in the apparatus with two-blade mechanical stirrer was investigated and the mass transfer coefficient was determined. The experimental results were generalized by criterion dependence. The independence of the mass transfer coefficient from the solid particles diameter was confirmed. A countercurrent process of potassium salt dissolution in two apparatuses with a mechanical stirring was considered. A mathematical model for countercurrent dissolution was developed and the efficiency of this process was determined.

Phase Equilibrium of Petroleum Dispersion Systems in Terms of Thermodynamics and Kinetics

The process of paraffin formation has been considered, including the peculiarities of the paraffin structure as a result of phase transitions with a decreasing temperature. Mathematical models for thermodynamic and kinetic calculations of the "solid-liquid" system phase equilibrium have been developed. To shift the "fuel oil-paraffin" balance towards the liquid, it is necessary to reduce the activity ratio of solid and liquid phases by introducing into the system a substance with a lower solubility parameter.

Kinetics and Isotherm Studies on Adsorption of Hexavalent Chromium Using Activated Carbon from Water Hyacinth

The present study is focused on the use of activated carbon derived from water hyacinth (WH-AC) as adsorbent for the removal of Cr(VI) from aqueous solution. The optimized WH-AC was found to be mesoporous and considered as granular. The surface area of 11.564 m2/g was found to have a good adsorption capacity. The adsorption data of the optimized WH-AC followed a pseudo-second order kinetics and the Freundlich isotherm model.

Chromium(VI) Removal Using Activated Thuja Occidentalis Leaves Carbon Powder – Adsorption Isotherms and Kinetic Studies

This study investigates the capability of Thuja occidentalis leaves carbon powder (TOLC) as a viable adsorbent for the expulsion of chromium(VI) from aqueous solutions. By batch mode, the removal percentage of Cr(VI) is observed to be pH perceptive and furthermore relies upon the time of equilibration, amount of the TOLC adsorbent and Cr(VI) concentration. TOLC adsorbent before and after adsorption of Cr(VI) was characterized with FTIR, SEM and EDX. Adsorption isotherm results divulge that the Langmuir model was a better fit.

PECULIARITIES OF METALIZATION OF PULLED POLYETHYLENE

The results of experimental studies of the peculiarities of metallization of granular polyethylene are presented. The influence of concentration factors on the metallization process of zinc-activated polyethylene granules of brand Liten PL-10 was investigated. It is established that by changing the concentration of copper sulfate and sodium hydroxide, as well as the degree of loading of polymeric raw materials, it is possible to effectively regulate the amount of recovered copper on granules of polyethylene, and therefore the thickness of the metal layer formed on them.