society

Creation and development of human rights in ancient times

The article deals with some historical periods of creation, development and formation of
a human rights institute. The basic ideas of the most outstanding philosophers of this period
are investigated. From the time of Ancient Greece, the concept of human rights, which is
reflected in the philosophical thought of philosophers of this period, began to emerge. The
perception of the place of the person in state and social life has changed. Philosophers such as
Heraclitus, Plato, and Aristotle laid the cornerstones in creating this phenomenon in antiquity.

Metaphysical punishment in canon law

Society is perfect and imperfect. The perfect society is the Church, a religious group. This
excellence is spiritual and legal, which provides for the regulation of natural and supernatural
law. A perfect society has the name of the Kingdom of God in Heaven, which is being
supplemented by gradually worthy members of the earthly Church of the Kingdom of God.

Justice as a part of the right

The article deals with the correlation of the concepts of “right” and “justice”. The peculiarities of their application are investigated. A literary analysis of these concepts is carried out on the subject: identities; identification of differences, the establishment of regularities during their use in legal proceedings and the legal weight of each of them.

Philosophical and legal concept of the defense "civil society": modern scientific approaches

On  the  basis  of  the  latest  scientific  research,  the  philosophical  and  legal  concept  of  the 
definition  of  «civil  society»  is  thoroughly  analyzed,  Modern  approaches  to  understanding  the 
concept  are  systematized.  There  searchis  based  on  the  scholarly  views  of  prominent 
philosophers,  as  well  as  the  author’s  own  approach  and  conclusions  about  there  search 
problem.
The  research  is  based  on  the  scientific  views  of  significant  philosophers,  as  well  as  the 

Ways of humanization of modern judiciary oratoria

In  the  period  of  systemic  reforms  taking  place  in  modern  Ukrainian  society  as  a  whole, 
and in the judicial system, in particular, factors that provide a fairer and more humane nature 
of  the  trial,  should  be  counted  historical  experience  gained  by  other  states  in  the  legal  field. 
Also,  the  inclusion  in  the  theoretical  understanding  of  the  notion  of  the  culture  of  the  court 
speaker  of  reasoning  about  the  significance  of  Christian  ethics  in  the  process  of  humanization 

Justice as the basic function of the judicial uthority

An important problem – legal mechanism of realization of basic function of department
judicial of justice is considered In the article. A role of other functions of department judicial is
in providing of realization of justice. Argued, constitutional legal nature of justice which
confirms its exceptional nature among the functions of department judicial.

Theoretical and legal analysis of the relationship between the state and the christian religion in the «philosophy of law» Hegel

Analyzed scientific views of the great German philosopher Hegel’s dialectic relationship
and on relations between the state and the Christian religion. In his work «Philosophy of Law»
German philosopher deeply and comprehensively reveals the role and place of state not only in
the development and functioning of society, but also the Christian religion as an important
institution in the formation of spirituality and high morality in society.

The problem of defining the concept of public power in the theory of state and law

The issues of the public authority nature and content are analyzed, and the scientific approaches of this concept understanding are characterized in this scientific article. On the basis of this, the public power structure, features and the main implementation forms are clarified. In particular, attention is drawn to the correlation of socio-political, state and public authorities. The common and distinctive features are determined, in particular, the author draws attention on the nature of the exercise of such power, the subject structure and territory.

Philosophical and legal sources of citizenship

In this article I try to analyze the philosophical and legal sources of the concept of citizenship, its essence and legal nature. Specifically, I want to emphasize the ancient chronologic political and historical phase of its evolution, when the concept of citizenship was founded with the precise philosophical and legal interpretation and legislative adoption, which
remains duly till now.
 

Problem deviations in the legal system socio-cultural changes

On the basis of a thorough analysis of scientific papers highlighted the problem of deviations in the legal system of social and cultural change. It was found that the phenomenon of deviance ambivalent nature and can mean both negative and positive social change. In the scientific literature rejection divided into primary and secondary. Those terms that society is negligible, considered primary, and subjects who commits them, do not qualify as devianta because they do not violate social norms.