hydrogel

Investigation of Hydrogel Sheets Based on Highly Esterified Pectin

The report describes the features of physical and mechanical properties and absorption capacity of hydrogels based on highly esterified pectin. Experimental data showed the correlation between these values. Also, an attempt is made to explain the obtained dependencies via the hydrogel morphology and the mechanism of its formation.

Effect of Diaminosilane Derivative on Thermal and Swelling Behaviour of Acrylic Acid Based Hydrophilic Composites

Organic-inorganic hydrophilic composites based on sodium polyacrylate (PAANa) and poly-N-(2-aminoethyl)-3-aminopropyltrimethoxysilane (PAPTMS) showed the improved swelling capacity at incorporation of PAPTMS. Changing of non-Fickian to Super case II swelling behaviour is observed at 20 wt % PAPTMS content. Enhancing of thermal stability and heat-resistance index of composite hydrogels compared to PAA is shown.

SYNTHESIS OF POLYVINYLPYROLIDONE COPOLYMERS IN THE PRESENCE OF TWO-COMPONENT INITIATION SYSTEMS

The paper presents the results of the study of copolymerization of 2-hydroxyethylmethacrylate (HEMA) with polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) under the action of two-component initiation systems of iron (II) sulfate/radical type initiator. The influence of the nature of the radical initiator (In) in the FeSO4/In system on the behavior of the polymerization of HEMA/PVP compositions, structural parameters of the polymer matrix network and properties of hydrogels based on pHEMA-gr-PVP copolymers were established.

PREPARATION AND RESEARCH OF GELATINE HYDROGEL ANTI-BEDSORE MATERIALS PROPERTIES

The formation of the hydrogel polymer matrix duringthe gelatin cross-linking with dioxirane derivatives of polyoxyethylene glycolswere studied.The optimal conditions for their synthesis were determined. The characteristics of the hydrogel (swelling in different media, mechanical properties at different temperatures) were obtained depending on the type of dioxirane derivative and prepolymer ratio. The possibility of introducing several drugs into hydrogels was established and the release of these drugs was found to be prolonged.

Regularities of hydrogel films saturation with alcoholic solutions

The results of saturation with alcohol solutions of hydrogel films based on copolymers of polyvinylpyrrolidone with poly-2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate have been considered in the paper. The impact of ethanol concentration which is the most often applied for the therapeutic extracts production based on medicinal herbs has been researched. The influence of samples preparation conditions on amount of alcohol-water mixture absorption was also determined.oplastic

Іnvestigation of gel formation peculiarities and properties of hydrogels obtained by the structuring of acrylamide prepolymers

The paper represents the results of the investigation of the formation of a polymeric matrix of hydrogel due to the structuring of polyacrylamide using its reactive polymeric derivative – poly-N-(hydroxymethyl) acrylamide. Research determined zones of optimum conditions of synthesis and characterized hydrogel depending on pH of media, the ratio between the concentration of prepolymers, and time of synthesis.

Superabsorbent Hydrogel from Extracted Oil Palm Frond Waste Cellulose Using Microwave Irradioation for Cadmium Ion Removal from Aqueous Solution

This research report facile approach on dispersion of cellulose fiber extracted from oil palm frond waste in a “green-solution” prepared by using urea and sodium hydroxide while the polymerization is carried out using microwave to form hydrogels. Effects of adding cellulose was determined by comparing the swelling degree between 0% and 2% cellulose hydrogel. Results showed that swelling ratio enhanced by the presence of cellulose. SEM images exposed that hydrogel with cellulose has rough surface compared to the hydrogels without cellulose.

Formation of pectine-based hydrogels with different degree of esterification

The various samples of pectins with degrees of esterification of 40-70% in the work were obtained using pectin with degree of esterification of 81.5%. It was shown that the determining factor for successful formation of hydrogel plates is the degree of esterification of polysaccharide. It was established that hydrogel plates obtained by the method of structuring of calcium salts are formed only on the basis of pectin with the degree of esterification less than 70%.

Аntibacterial activity of hydrogel materials based on copolymers polyvinylpirrolidon with extracts of Сalendula officinalis and Аrnica Montana

The possibility of using hydrogels,that are based on copolymers of polyvinylpyrrolidone with 2-hydroxyethylmethacrylate for saturation them with extracts of plants,was researched. Hydrogel materials with extracts of Calendula officinal is and Arnica montana were obtained. The sorption capacity of the hydrogels in relation to these extracts and the content of flavonoids in the extracts were determined  by using Ulab108UV.

INVESTIGATION OF SORPTION / DESORPTION PROCESSES OF MEDICAL SUBSTANCES BY COMBINED HYDROGELS

Modern hydrogel healing therapies for damaged human skin, must perform a number of functions which are inherent for the skin: 1) preservation of thermal and water balance; 2) ensuring of oxygen penetration; 3) providing transportation of substances necessary for the functioning of the organism; 4) protection from mechanical damage. When using hydrogel coatings on damaged areas of the skin, they must perform, an additional function - prolonged delivery to the wound of therapeutic agents of various nature.