Distribution dialectical approach to legal reasoning proves an accomplished fact about the weakening of the legal-positivist perception in the generally accepted doctrine of the right in favor of the natural-law concept of legal understanding. In this connection, we consider the philosophical and legal theories of subjectivism, irrationalism and voluntarist liberalism, which discloses the essential content of legal argumentation in modern law.
The influence of philosophical-legal ideas of the period of the New Age, the main
tendencies of the development of logic and rhetoric on the formation of the theory of legal
argument is revealed. It is emphasized the decisive influence of rationalism as a new scientific
paradigm on the formation of new approaches in argumentation. The analysis of the
correlation between logic and rhetoric in philosophical knowledge and its influence on the
The article describes the history of the origin of the theory of legal argument in the philosophy of Ancient Greece, reveals the preconditions and reasons for its appearance and development. The analysis of sophistry and its influence on the practice of legal argumentation in ancient legal proceedings, the contribution of Plato and Aristotle to the formation of general theoretical foundations of reasoning, in particular, in logic and rhetoric, as well as their further development and perfection in Roman law (based on the views of Cicero and Seneca of the Elder).
Specialists in industry of communicative linguistics, logic, eristic consider that proof (evidence) as a logical and methodological form of scientific cognition in the broadest sense is the process of establishing objective truth through practical and theoretical actions and tools. In a narrow interpretation, bringing called reasoning that establishes the truth of certain allegations by pointing to other allegations, the truth of which is already proven.